Diarrhoea in children and adults
South Africa has a high rate of diarrhoeal disease across all age groups. Oral rehydration therapy is central to the management of acute diarrhoea, despite having no effect on disease duration or stool frequency
- An awareness of the features of acute gastroenteritis that motivate patients or their caregivers to seek emergency care
- Which patients might need extra close monitoring or more invasive medical care
- An understanding of epidemiological trends such as the major microbial causes of diarrhoea in the South African population
- Insights on an approach to diagnosis of the infectious causes of diarrhoea, based on associated signs and symptoms, and an understanding of when empirical antimicrobial
therapy is warranted
- Recent evidence of the benefits of mucosal barrier protectors in combination with oral rehydration therapy for the management of diarrhoea.